The Standardbred horse is considered to be the fastest harness horse in the world. Harness racing has been a passion in the United States since the early 1800s. Then, the Morgan horse reigned as the supreme harness horse. But an event occurring in 1849 ended the Morgan Dynasty. This event was the foaling of a horse named Hambletonian 10, the foundation sire of the Standardbred horse. The breed gains its name from the fact that a horse must meet a certain "standard" of either timed speed at the mile or breeding in order to be properly registered. The increased brilliance of the Standardbred breed itself has reduced times for the mile by a minute - down 30 percent from the original record.
In many respects, the Standardbred resembles its ancestor the Thoroughbred. It does not stand as tall, averaging 15.2 hands, although it has a longer body. The head is refined, set on a medium-sized neck. The quarters are muscular yet sleek. The clean hind legs are set well back. Individual Standardbreds tend to either trot or pace. This breed appears in varying colors, although bay, brown and black are predominant. It weighs between 800 and 1000 pounds.
The Standardbred traces its ancestry to Messenger, from the Darley Arabian line of Thoroughbreds. He was imported to America in 1788. The Norfolk Trotter also had a strong influence on the early development of the Standardbred. Hambletonian 10, the acknowledged founder of the breed, was foaled in Orange County, New York, on May 5, 1849. He was sired by Abdallah and out of the Charles Kent mare. Hambletonian became a great sire producing a family of harness horses which outdistanced all competition. Ninety percent of all modern Standardbreds trace to him directly. A top race of each season, "The Hambletonian," bears the great sire's name.
In 1879, the National Association of Trotting Horse Breeders stipulated the "standards" which a horse must meet in order to be registered as a Standardbred. Among the many great Standardbreds in history, some are of importance as record setters - times which increased the "standard." In 1867, a gelding named Dexter trotted the mile in 2 minutes 19 seconds. A pacer named Star Pointer reduced the time for the mile to 1:59 1/4 in 1897. In 1907, the immortal Dan Patch paced the mile in 1:56. One of the greatest trotting records was that set by the great gelding Greyhound who did the mile in 1:55 1/4 in 1938. This record lasted for 30 years.
There have been thousands of horses which have contributed to the excellence of the Standardbred. A few of overwhelming distinction are:
1. Thoroughbred 4. Narrangansett Pacer 7. Morgan
For more information:
Standardbred Pleasure Horse Organization 31930 Lambson Forest Rd. Galena MD 21635 Phone: (301) 648-5850
Standardbred Breeders & Owners Association of New Jersey P.O. Box 839 Freehold NJ 07728-0839 Phone: (908) 462-2357 Fax: (908) 409-0741
United States Trotting Association 750 Michigan Avenue Columbus OH 43215-1191 Phone: (614) 224-2291 Fax: (614) 224-4575